Many of the questions and scenarios in the game reference independent studies and papers that you and the players can refer to if you wish to extend your knowledge.

(1) Hooper L, Bunn DK, Downing A, Jimoh FO, Groves J, Free C, et al. Which frail older people are dehydrated? The UK DRIE study. Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences 2015; published online 9 Nov.

(2) Hooper L, Bunn D, Jimoh FO, Fairweather-Tait SJ. Water-loss dehydration and aging. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 2014, Apr-May; 136-7:50-58.

(3) Hooper L, Bunn DK, Abdelhamid A, Gillings R, Jennings A, Maas K, et al. Water-loss (intracellular) dehydration assessed using urinary tests, how well do they work? Diagnostic accuracy in older people. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2015; resubmitted Oct 2015.

(4) Bunn DK, Hooper L. Diagnostic accuracy data from the DRIE study. Unpublished, editor. 2016. 1-1-2015. Ref Type: Personal Communication.

(5) Jimoh FO, Bunn D, Hooper L. Drinks Diary. http://tiny cc/w0m0mx 2014.

(6) Jimoh FO, Bunn D, Hooper L. Assessment of a self-reported Drinks Diary for the estimation of drinks intake by care home residents: Fluid Intake Study in the Elderly (FISE). Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging 2015; 19(5): 491-6.

(7) Hooper L, Bunn D, Jimoh FO, Fairweather-Tait SJ. Water-loss dehydration and aging. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 2013; 136:50-58.

(8) El-Sharkawy AM, Watson P, Neal KR, Ljungkvist O, Maughan RJ, Sahota O, et al. Hydration and outcome in older patients admitted to hospital (The HOOP prospective cohort study). Age and Ageing 2015; 44(6):943-7.

(9) EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for Water. EFSA Journal 2010; 8(3):1459.

(10) Hooper L, Whitelock S, Bunn DK. Hydration 2: Reducing dehydration in residents of care homes. Nursing Times 2015; 111(34/35):16-19.

(11) Grandjean AC, Reimers KJ, Bannick KE, Haven MC. The Effect of Caffeinated, Non-Caffeinated, Caloric and Non-Caloric Beverages on Hydration. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2000: 19(5):591-600.

(12) Maughan RJ, Watson P, Cordery PAA, Walsh NP, Oliver SJ, Dolci A, et al. A randomized trial to assess the potential of different beverages to affect hydration status: development of a beverage hydration index. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2016; 103:717-23.

(13) Watson P, Whale A, Mears SA, Reyner LA, Maughan RJ. Mild hypohydration increases the frequency of driver errors during a prolonged, monotonous driving task. Physiological Behaviour 2015; 147:313-8.

(14) Szafara KL, Kruse RL, Mehr DR, Ribbe MW, van der Steen JT. Mortality following nursing home-acquired lower respiratory infection: LRI severity, antibiotic treatment, and water intake. Journal of American Medical Directors Association 2012; 13(4):376-83.

(15) Mentes, J. Oral hydration in older adults. American Journal of Nutrition 2006; 106(6):40-49.

(16) El-Sharkawy AM, Bragg D, Watson P, Neal K, Sahota O, Maughan RJ, Lobo DN. Hydration amongst nurses and doctors on-call (the HANDS on prospective cohort study). Clinical Nutrition 2015 July 16.

(17) Schols JM, De Groot CP, Van der Cammen TJ, & Olde Rikkert, MGM. Preventing and treating dehydration in the elderly during periods of illness and warm weather. The Journal of Nutrition Health and Aging 2008; 13(2):150-57.

(18) Anglian Water. Health on tap: good hydration in older people. Anglian Water Services Ltd 2008.

(19) Food Standards Agency. McCance and Widdowson’s “The Composition of Foods”, Sixth Summary Edition. Cambridge, 2002.

(20) De Castro, J.M. Age-related changes in natural spontaneous fluid ingestion and thirst in humans. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 1992; 47(5):321-330.

(21) Leibovitz A, Baumoehl Y, Lubart E, Yaina A, Platinovitz N, Segal R. Dehydration among long-term care elderly patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia. Journal of Gerontology. 2007; 53:179–183.

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